Lifeline of Himachal Pradesh

HRTC the lifeline of himachal
दौड़ती सरपट मैदानों में, 
गुजरती हवा के संग पहाड़ों में,
मिलाती अपनों को अपनों से, 
HRTC हूं मैं, रुकती नहीं तब तक, 
पहुंचे नहीं आप जब मंज़िल तक

Tough roads, harsh weather, Emergency?
“Lifeline of Himachal know as Himachal Road Transport Corporation”

Roads are the lifeline in Himachal Pradesh, Himachal Road Transport Corporation and Private Bus Operators are providing transport connectivity to the State on inter-state routes as well as within the State. Lifeline of Himachal (Heart of Himachal) born/founded in the year 1958 the name as Mandi-Kullu Road Transport Corporation. Today is known as Himachal Road Transport Corporation.


  • At the time of Independence, Himachal was formed as a “C” class State by the merger of 33 hilly States of North-Western Himalayas on 15th April 1948.
  • Passenger and goods services were nationalized in the Pradesh in July 1949.
  • During the year 1958, a Corporation, “Mandi-Kullu Road Transport corporation was floated jointly by the Govt. of Punjab, Himachal, and Railways under the Road Transport Corporation.
  • Act, 1950 basically to operate on the joint routes in the States of Punjab and Himachal. With the re-organization of Punjab State in 1966, few hilly areas of Punjab were merged in Himachal and operational areas of Mandi-Kullu Road Transport Corporation came entirely in the expanded State of Himachal.
  • On 02.10.1974, Himachal Govt. Transport was merged with Mandi-Kullu Road Transport Corporation and was renamed Himachal Road Transport Corporation.
  • The First route operates by in Himachal Pradesh by a private company named Lord Claire on Mandi-Pathankot route in the year 1960. After, the King of Mandi State formed Mandi State Transport and introduced bus service on the Mandi-Baijnath route in 1945 and 1946 some transport services were started by the Feudal Governments in different districts of Himachal Pradesh. After, several private operators started operating bus services in different parts of Himachal Pradesh; however, the growth in the number of buses in the private sector was very much restricted up to 1950.
  • The process of nationalization started long after the framing of the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950.
  • The Himachal Road Transport Corporation was established by the Govt. of H.P. on 24th Sept. 1974 under Section 3 of the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950 (Act LXIV of 1950), by renaming the then-existing Mandi Kullu Road Transport Corporation constituted as per Punjab Govt.
  • In 1958, This was done with a view to taking over the management of the then-existing Himachal Govt. Transport in the public sector in Pradesh and for ensuring an efficient and economical system of Road Transport Services. The management of the erstwhile H.G.T. was taken over by the Himachal Road Transport Corporation w.e.f. 2.10.1974.
  • Himachal Road Transport Corporation has developed a bus route network in the remote and inaccessible areas like Lahaul-Spiti, Chamba, Kullu, Kinnaur, Sirmour, and Keylong.
  • Besides providing passenger transport services in the State, Himachal Road Transport Corporation had been operating goods transport services for providing food and essential commodities to the remote corner of the State even where private truck owners hesitated to go.


  • HRTC has its corporate office at Shimla and four divisional offices at Shimla, Mandi, Hamirpur and Dharamshala, each having integrated workshop.
  • It has 29 depots each with a regional workshop.
  • HRTC also owns 3 bus body building units along with 3 tyre pre-cure re-treading plants at Mandi, Parwanoo, and Jassur.
  • HRTC routinely upgrades driving skills of its staff and train new drivers at its Driver Training Institutes located at Jassur, Mandi, Taradevi, Hamirpur, Chamba, Sarkaghat and Kullu.


HRTC operates buses on some of the highest motorable roads in the world. These routes include Leh-Delhi, Shimla-Kaza, Kullu-Kaza, Manali -Reckongpeo, and others. The Leh-Delhi routes operated by HRTC is 1203 km long and is the longest route by any RTC in India with a travel time of approx. 36 hours. The roads to Kaza are also termed as the world’s most treacherous roads.

HRTC has a fleet of 3158 buses & categorize its buses into 5 categories as 

# HIMSUTA- Volvo & Scania buses
# HIMGAURAV- Isuzu and Deluxe AC buses
# HIMMANI- Deluxe (Non-AC) buses
# HIM TARANG (Electric buses)
# Ordinary and mini/local city buses [that ply in association with JnNURM (JNNURM stands for Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. Under this scheme, massive developments in varied sectors including public transport have been taken care of in the urban areas. It was introduced by the NDA government in 2005 and has since initiated up-gradation works of public facilities in 63 cities.) to fulfill urban transportation needs.


HRTC is using the eco-friendly system electric buses are started this is the major role the save our environment and save our life. Himachal Indian first state use this system.

The bus service by the Himachal Pradesh Road Transport Corporation (HRTC) has also been registered in the Limca Book of Records for providing the connection to Asia’s highest the village, Kibber which is located at an altitude of 14,200 ft. Himachal Road Transport Corporation also referred to as HRTC, is the state-owned road transport corporation of the state of Himachal Pradesh, India.

Safe service, courteous service
Ministry of Transportation, Government of Himachal Pradesh
1958 as Mandi-Kullu Road Transport Corporation  (HRTC 02-10-1974)
HRTC Head Office, Shimla-171003, HP, India
Himachal Pradesh
Service area  
Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana,   Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan
Service type
Bus service
Fuel type
Diesel, Electric bus, mini electric cab
3105 + 53 Attached
Coverage per day (Kms) 
6.05 lakhs
Average traffic revenue per day
180.82 lakhs
Staff ratio per bus  


  • India’s first eco-friendly(electric bus) buses started in the HRTC route are testing in Kullu to Manali.
  • Asia’s highest village, Kibber which is located at an altitude of 14,200 ft daily operate by HRTC.
  • There are 667 Night Service Buses run by HRTC.
  • HRTC covers 1957 routes (approx.) on a daily basis.
  • HRTC has its corporate office at Shimla and four divisional offices at Shimla, Mandi, Hamirpur, and Dharamshala, each having an integrated workshop. It has 29 depots each with a regional workshop.
  • The longest route covered by HRTC is Manali to Leh(Ladakh)This route extended Some condition Is Delhi to Leh.
  • The longest tunnel in Himachal Pradesh is the Rohtang tunnel. The Rohtang tunnel in Himachal Pradesh, which is the longest mountain tunnel in the world, cuts the road distance between Leh and Manali by 46 hours and reduces the travel time by five hours. Dec 26, 2019.
Reference from: HRTC and Wikipedia
About Rahul Dhatwalia 67 Articles
Rahul loves to read article on internet, He crawls over whole net for interesting and unknown facts. He is presently working in Public Sector Bank. In Leisure time He loves to play guitar, produce music and watching movies.

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