DRAFTED BY: Project Snow Leopard Committee instituted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
- The endangered snow leopard occurs over most of the high altitudes of Central Asia and Himalaya. Little is known about the species’ ecology, status and even distribution. The coarse global population estimate for the snow leopard is 7,400 individuals, and the species is classified as Endangered in the IUCN’s (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List.
- The total potential habitat of the snow leopard globally is estimated to be 2 million km2, with most animals occurring in China, followed by Mongolia and India.
- India is believed to have between 400 and 700 snow leopards in the five Himalayan states (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh), though these estimates are not precise.
- Under this project, a globally unique, setting up of a field-based snow leopard research and conservation facility in the Spiti Valley has been proposed, to undertake India’s first comprehensive and long-term radio–collaring project on snow leopards and their prey. The only other such facility in Asia is the one set up by the Snow Leopard Trust, together with other partners and the Mongolian Government.
- Facilitate a landscape-level approach to wildlife conservation
- Promote better understanding and management of human-wildlife conflicts
- Develop a framework for wildlife conservation outside protected areas and promote ecologically responsible development
- Promote a knowledge-based approach to conservation and an adaptive framework for wildlife management
- Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness.
Inputs from: Snow Leopard Project